Spintronics research papers

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Spintronics research papers

UC Riverside Engineers at the University of California, Riverside, have reported advances in so-called "spintronic" devices that will help lead to a new technology for computing and data storage.

They have developed methods to detect signals from spintronic components made of low-cost metals and silicon, which overcomes a major barrier to wide application of spintronics. Previously such devices depended on complex structures that used rare and expensive metals such as platinum.

The researchers were led by Sandeep Kumar, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering. By contrast, spintronic devices generate little heat and use relatively minuscule amounts of electricity.

Spintronics research papers

Spintronic computers would require no energy to maintain data in memory. While electronics depends on the charge of electrons to generate the binary ones or zeroes of computer data, spintronics depends on the property of electrons called spin. Spintronic materials register binary data via the "up" or Spintronics research papers spin orientation of electrons--like the north and south of bar magnets--in the materials.

A major barrier to development of spintronics devices is generating and detecting the infinitesimal electric spin signals in spintronic materials. In one paper published in the January issue of the scientific journal Applied Physics Letters, Kumar and colleagues reported an efficient technique of detecting the spin currents in a simple two-layer sandwich of silicon and a nickel-iron alloy called Permalloy.

Introduction to Spintronics

All three of the components are both inexpensive and abundant and could provide the basis for commercial spintronic devices. They also operate at room temperature. The layers were created with the widely used electronics manufacturing processes called sputtering.

Co-authors of the paper were graduate students Ravindra Bhardwaj and Paul Lou. In their experiments, the researchers heated one side of the Permalloy-silicon bi-layer sandwich to create a temperature gradient, which generated an electrical voltage in the bi-layer.

Spintronics phd thesis

The voltage was due to phenomenon known as the spin-Seebeck effect. The engineers found that they could detect the resulting "spin current" in the bi-layer due to another phenomenon known as the "inverse spin-Hall effect. More broadly, they concluded, "These results bring the ubiquitous Si silicon to forefront of spintronics research and will lay the foundation of energy efficient Si spintronics and Si spin caloritronics devices.

The achievement opens an important pathway to commercial spintronics, said the researchers, given that silicon is inexpensive and can be manufactured using a mature technology with a long history of application in electronics.

Ferromagnetism is the property of magnetic materials in which the magnetic poles of the atoms are aligned in the same direction. In contrast, antiferromagnetism is a property in which the neighboring atoms are magnetically oriented in opposite directions.

These "magnetic moments" are due to the spin of electrons in the atoms, and is central to the application of the materials in spintronics. In the two papers, Kumar and Lou reported detecting antiferromagnetism in the two types of silicon--called n-type and p-type--used in transistors and other electronic components.

N-type semiconductor silicon is "doped" with substances that cause it to have an abundance of negatively-charged electrons; and p-type silicon is doped to have a large concentration of positively charged "holes.

In the paper in the Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Lou and Kumar reported detecting the spin-Hall effect and antiferromagnetism in n-silicon.

Their experiments used a multilayer thin film comprising palladium, nickel-iron Permalloy, manganese oxide and n-silicon. And in the second paper, in the scientific journal physica status solidi, they reported detecting in p-silicon spin-driven antiferromagnetism and a transition of silicon between metal and insulator properties.

Those experiments used a thin film similar to those with the n-silicon.

Spintronics research papers

The researchers wrote in the latter paper that "The observed emergent antiferromagnetic behavior may lay the foundation of Si silicon spintronics and may change every field involving Si thin films. These experiments also present potential electric control of magnetic behavior using simple semiconductor electronics physics.

The observed large change in resistance and doping dependence of phase transformation encourages the development of antiferromagnetic and phase change spintronics devices.

New UC Riverside Research Advances Spintronics Technology

They are also working to generate larger, higher-voltage spintronic chips. The result of their work could be extremely low-power, compact transmitters and sensors, as well as energy-efficient data storage and computer memories, said Kumar.Nanoelectronics and Spintronics (NE&S) is the best way to keep updated on the most important results and the current status of research in these areas, especially at the intersection of the two fields.

A series of theoretical and experimental works is known which investigated the magnetic properties of graphene structures. This is due, among other things, to the prospects of using graphene as a material for the needs of the future nanoelectronics and spintronics.

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New Research Advances Spintronics Technology Posted February 6, This news or article is intended for readers with certain scientific or professional knowledge in the field. Spintronics, or spin electronics, refers to the study of the role played by electron (and more generally nuclear) spin in solid state physics, and possible devices that specifically exploit spin properties instead of or in addition to charge degrees of freedom.

Papers on Spintronics - Theoretical Nanoscale Transport Lab (TNTL)